Your Monday Briefing: The Impact of a U.S. Chip-Making Boom

Credit…Susan Burghart

Vast U.S. investments may not be a panacea for the chip industry

The Biden administration has led a colossal ramp-up in U.S. chip-making efforts over the past 18 months, the scale of which has been likened to Cold War-era investments in the space race.

The boom has implications for global technological leadership and geopolitics, with the U.S. aiming to prevent China from becoming an advanced power in chips, the slices of silicon that are vital in electronics from smartphones to smart missiles.

About 22 percent of all chips and more than 90 percent of the most advanced chips are made in Taiwan, the island to which China claims territorial rights. That has caused fears that semiconductor supply chains may be disrupted in the event of a conflict, leaving the U.S. at a technological disadvantage.

The new U.S. production efforts may correct some of these imbalances, industry executives say — but only up to a point. One study suggested that $50 billion in investment would take the U.S. share of global production to as much as 14 percent by 2030.

Numbers: The Biden administration is dangling at least $76 billion in subsidies to encourage domestic chip production. More than 35 companies have pledged nearly $200 billion for manufacturing projects related to chips since the spring of 2020, according to a trade group.

Challenges: The new factories would take years to build, and might not immediately be able to manufacture the most complex chips. Companies could delay or cancel projects if they don’t receive sufficient subsidies. And a severe shortage of engineers and technicians could undercut the boom.

Related: American companies like Walmart are shifting business to Mexico from China to lessen the risks of the global supply chain.

Multiple rocket launchers at a ceremony in Pyongyang.Credit…Korean Central News Agency, via Reuters

North Korea threatens nuclear escalation

Kim Jong-un, North Korea’s leader, vowed to expand his country’s nuclear arsenal “exponentially,” the North’s official Korean Central News Agency said on Sunday.

Kim, who spoke at a five-day meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party, framed the escalation as a response to a harder line on the North by Yoon Suk Yeol, South Korea’s new conservative president.

The State of the War

  • Aerial Attacks: A deadly New Year’s Eve assault is the latest strike in Russia’s three-month campaign on Ukraine’s energy infrastructure, which analysts say is an effort to demoralize the Ukrainian population by plunging it into cold and darkness.
  • A New Alliance: The United States is scrambling to stop Iran from producing drones, as officials believe the Middle Eastern nation is building a partnership with Russia.
  • Hopes Dim for Peace Talks: Both Ukrainian and Russian officials say they are willing to discuss making peace, but their terms for sitting down at a negotiating table suggest otherwise.
  • Clergymen or Spies?: To Ukraine’s security services, the Russian Orthodox Church poses a uniquely subversive threat — a trusted institution that is not only an incubator of pro-Russia sentiment but is also infiltrated by priests, monks and nuns who have aided Russia in the war.

North Korea will “respond with nuke for nuke, and an all-out confrontation for an all-out confrontation, in order to deal with the enemy’s rash acts and reckless moves,” Kim said on Saturday.

Background: North Korea launched more than 90 missiles in 2022, its highest annual total to date, and broke its self-imposed moratorium on ICBM tests. It tested yet another missile early on New Year’s Day.

Context: North Korea’s economy has been ravaged by the pandemic and sanctions, Kim has warned of food shortages caused by flooding and the value of the North Korean currency has plummeted against the dollar. Analysts say Kim seems to see his nuclear arsenal as the most effective means of elevating his leadership credentials among his people.

A hotel hit by a Russian strike on Saturday in Kyiv, Ukraine’s capital.Credit…Laura Boushnak for The New York Times

Zelensky calls 2022 “our year” as Russia bombards Ukraine

Russia rained missiles and exploding drones on Kyiv and other Ukrainian cities in a deadly New Year’s Eve assault, hours before President Volodymyr Zelensky was set to deliver a much-anticipated speech to Ukraine.

The explosions did not stop Zelensky. He used the address to reinforce the story line of Ukrainian resilience against unfounded Russian aggression that he has presented to audiences at home and abroad since Russia invaded.

In Russia, which has lost much of the territory it occupied and suffered military defeats against Ukraine’s far-smaller military, President Vladimir Putin called the war “a sacred duty to our ancestors and descendants” in his own New Year’s address. (Some of Putin’s critics sent their own New Year’s messages from jail.)

Quotable: “This year began on Feb. 24,” Zelensky said, the date Russia first invaded Ukraine. “It can still be dark, loud and complicated for us. But we will definitely never be afraid again.”

Other war news: A Russian soldier went on a rampage in Bucha hours before Russian troops withdrew from the Ukrainian suburb.

China: Putin met with Xi Jinping, China’s top leader, in a video call on Friday. China accounted for more than a quarter of Russia’s total imports in the first nine months of 2022.


Asia Pacific

Credit…Mauricio Lima for The New York Times
  • The upheaval caused by Russia’s war in Ukraine has fueled India’s global ascent.

  • Reuters reports multiple casualties after an explosion outside Kabul’s military airport.

  • Canada and Australia have joined a growing list of countries that have begun imposing Covid-testing requirements on travelers from China, The Associated Press writes.

Around the World

Supporters of Jair Bolsonaro demonstrating against the election results in Brasília last week.Credit…Evaristo Sa/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
  • Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s outgoing far-right president, was in Florida when his successor, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, took the reins on Sunday.

  • Olaf Scholz, Germany’s chancellor, reflected on his first year in office in a bittersweet address.

  • A restoration that darkened the face of a bronze statue of Victor Hugo near his birthplace in Besançon, France, has spurred a racist backlash.

Other Big Stories

  • Elise Stefanik, a Republican congresswoman from New York who was once known as a moderate, has embarked on a brazen political transformation into a fervent Trump apologist to attain power in her party.

  • Our national religion correspondent spoke with scientists, philosophers and spiritual leaders about a question at the heart of America’s abortion debate: When does life begin?

A Morning Read

Benedict at Castel Gandolfo, south of Rome, in February 2013.Credit…Osservatore Romano, via Reuters

The death on Saturday morning of Pope Emeritus Benedict XIV, the first pontiff in nearly 600 years to retire, has created an odd moment for the Catholic Church. Pope Francis is set to preside over his predecessor’s funeral, but no one is quite sure what a funeral for a pope emeritus will look like.

Lives Lived

Barbara Walters, the first woman to co-anchor a network newscast and one of television’s foremost interviewers, died at 93. Here is an appraisal of her accomplishments, a roundup of reactions to her death and memorable moments from her career.


A new year, with low expectations

Not long before Christmas, Erin Monroe posted a video on TikTok suggesting a different approach to the new year. “I don’t need 2023 to be my year,” she said. “I need it to not be a soul-sucking drag through earthly purgatory.”

The message struck a chord. Within two days, the video had 1.8 million views and thousands of comments.

Sure, many people are still heading into the new year with great excitement. But after yet another tumultuous year, some Americans are opting to keep their expectations for 2023 in check.

A recent survey conducted by Ipsos found that only 65 percent of respondents reported feeling optimistic that 2023 would be better than 2022, compared with 77 percent last year.

Jacob McCleery, a 28-year-old from South Bend, Ind., said “it’s a little pessimistic, but let’s let this year be what it is and be OK with the results.”

He added, “We need to protect ourselves a little bit so we don’t get disappointed.”


What to Cook

Credit…Armando Rafael for The New York Times

Paris-Brest, praline-flavored ​​mousseline piped inside a ring of pâte à choux, is a showstopping New Year’s dessert.

What to Read

V.V. Ganeshananthan’s novel “Brotherless Night” is about the ugly little human complexities words like “terrorist” are designed to obliterate, our reviewer writes.

What to Watch

After years of stealing scenes as supporting characters, Giancarlo Esposito takes a star turn in Netflix’s “Kaleidoscope.”

Top Picks

Wirecutter’s 100 most popular recommendations for 2022 can help you get a jump on 2023.

Now Time to Play

Play the Mini Crossword, and a clue: N.B.A. icon who famously wore 23 (six letters).

Here are the Wordle and the Spelling Bee.

You can find all our puzzles here.

That’s it for Day 1 of 2023. See you soon. — Dan

P.S. The word “meyasubako,” meaning a petition box in Japan under the shogun, appeared for the first time yesterday in The Times in an article about taking suggestions.

Here’s Friday’s edition of “The Daily,” an update on a young man who fled Putin’s draft.

You can reach Dan and the team at [email protected].

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